Prof. d-r Jaap de Zwaan
Jaap de Zwaan is emeritus Professor of European Union Law at Erasmus University Rotterdam and former Director of the Netherlands Institute of International Relations, Clingendael. His professional career has essentially been devoted to the domain of European integration, in several capacities, such as member of the bar, diplomat, university professor and director of a think tank.
De Zwaan has participated in negotiations at European Union level with regard to, for example, treaty making, the accession of new member states and harmonization of national legislations. He also was agent of the Dutch Government in numerous legal proceedings before the Court of Justice in Luxembourg. His main domains of EU interest are related to respectively the constitutional debate, the internal market cooperation, the area of freedom, security and justice (notably EU asylum and immigration law and policy), and the external relations of the EU.